80) Badaowan Hutong
This was where writer Lu Xun lived and wrote such classics as "Stories of Ah Que" and a "Brief History of China".
81) Xisi Bei Santiao
This hutong has some well-preserved courtyard houses which are under protection from the municipality. No. 39 was the home of Cheng Yanqiu, famous Beijing opera singer.
82) Xisi Bei Sitiao
During the Qing Dynasty the Red Flag Bannerman clans lived here.
83) Bo Xue Hutong
This was where the military headcaps were made during the Qing dynasty.
84) Xirongxian Hutong
This was once" the area reserved for clans of the Off-Blue Bannerman during the Qing dynasty. The China Club is located in the palace of Qing Emperor Kang Xi's 24th son. It once housed the Sichuan Resturant where Deng Xiaoping and other leaders used to come for spicy cuisine. Today the China Club is located on these premises.
85) Xiyizi Hutong
"Xiyizi" means "western-style chairs" which were made on this hutong during the late Qing Dynasty and Republican period. Zhang Zizhong, a military commander who fought the Japanese lived here in two courtyard houses still preserved within which some calligraphy of Zhou Enlai remains until present.
86) Guangxing Hutong
This is where the Qing dynasty Guangxing Theatre was located. In 1900 the "Boxers" practiced gongfu here to prepare for the Boxer Rebellion.
87) Kuache Hutong
At No. 3 once lived Qi Baishi, one of China's most famous painters whose paintings of birds, shrimp and flowers are classics. He lived here from the age of 50 and many of his best works were painted in the solitude of this lovely little courtyard
88) Damuchang Hutong
This hutong which literally means "big wood warehouse" hutong is where the Ministry of Education has had its offices here in a fusion Russian-Chinese style building since the 1950s. Adjacent is Prince Zeng's Palace much of which still remains in tact. Prince Zeng was the son of the younger brother of Nurahachi, the flamboyant Manchurian leader whose strategy defeated the Ming leading to the establishment of the Qing. Prince Zeng therefore was one of the Manchurian generals who fought his way through the Great Wall and surrounded the Forbidden City toppling the Ming.
89) Wenchang Hutong
During the Qing dynasty this hutong was the home of the Off-White Bannerman. During the Republican period, No. 15 of this hutong was once the residence of Zhang Xueliang the Dongbei Warlord who led a coup against Chiang Kaishek leading to the United Front against the Japanese.
90) Wenhua Hutong
This hutong was also home to the Off-White Bannerman during the Qing. No. 24 was the home of Li Dazhao, one of the founders of China's Communist Party, largely viewed as the scholar who brought communism to China. He lived in this house between 1920-22, the years during which the Communist Party of China was founded. At that time he ran a Marxist study group at this residence with co-founders Chen Duxiu, Deng Zhongxia. Li Dazhao was one of Mao Zedong's early mentors.
91) Fuyou Jie
On the eastern side of this street is Zhongnanhai, once imperial gardens connected by interlocking lakes, today it serves as the exclusive compound of China's central government and the Communist Party Central Committee. Within this compound once lived Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping to name a few of China's leaders. While visitors cannot enter, they can get ~ sense of its historic importance by looking at the vermillion wall surrounding the compound. If the guards are in a good mood you can stand beside them and take pictures.
92) Guozi Hutong
In the past thishutong was filled with stalls selling fruit. During the Qing dynasty the imperial household had a special stall here for collecting the best fruit sent from all over the country which would then be used on the tables of the emperor, his family and concubines within the Forbidden City. From the Republican period on it became a big open fruit market.
93) Gaoxiao Hutong
This hutong is very special in Beijing:because it is the narrowest hutong in the city, with its bottleneck a mere 0.65 meters wide, which means that fat tourists should not bother trying to walk down this hutong because they won't get very far.
94) Sujiapo Hutong
In the Qing dynasty, when scholars came to Beijing to take their exams, young servants would carry these scholars' books on their backs. The art of carrying books became a trade in itself. During the Qing dynasty, these book bearers lived at No. 5 of this hutong. At No. 8 the scholars would leave their horse carriages while taking the exams.
95) Xinmin Li
When World War II broke out and the Japanese invaded and occupied Beijing, the Japanese army lived on this street.
96) Yingfang Kuan Jie
During the Qing dynasty, this street's residents were all Manchurians. Many of the Manchurian Bannerman who later lost their wealth or earlier knighthood family holdings, upon becoming destitute Would find their way to this hutong looking for work as common people. The Kuan Jie School located on this street was where China's nobility once sent their children. During the Qing Dynasty it was known as the Bannerman School.
97) Guanma Hutong
This hutong was constructed during the Qing dynasty. This was where the White Bannerman would raise and train their horses. The horse stables and training rings are now gone and have been replaced by apartments.
98) Nanwulao Hutong
A famous salt dealer named Mr. Cha once lived on this hutong. During the Qing dynasty he had a monopoly over the salt trade. Of course his neighbors were also rich merchants and monopolists. So the courtyards on this hutong all have big gates and fancy roof tiles.
99) Bingjiaochang Hutong
From the Ming dynasty this hutong was where ice was stored during the winter and kept throughout the summer in warehouses and sold.
This was where the Red Bannerman once lived. No. 1 was once the Apprentice School during the reign of Emperor Guang Xu, following which it was turned into a teachers' college. Following the founding of the People's Republic of China it became the PRC's first teachers' college. The name of the hutong actually means to "train children".
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